The study of gay and lesbian cinema became a growing concern in the wake of s feminist film theory and the discipline's increasing attention to issues of representation—of women, of racial and ethnic minorities, and eventually of gay and lesbian people. While there had been a few attempts to discuss onscreen homosexuality prior to that period such as Parker Tyler's Screening the Sexes:
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Do you want to read the rest of this article? Grove Press, In the s, Hammer made a series of longer, more theoretically informed films that investigate lesbian representability.
The social problem film Philadelphia , while a major critical and box office hit, was still a variation on the "tragic-homosexual-who-dies-at-the-end-of-the-film" stereotype. There were also successful producers and directors who led quiet homosexual lives, including David Lewis — , Ross Hunter — , Mitchell Leisen — , Edmund Goulding — , Irving Rapper — , Arthur Lubin — , James Whale — , George Cukor — , and Dorothy Arzner — The burgeoning gay and lesbian civil rights movement of the s and s was not confined to America: Read more Read less.